Mesopotamia is an ancient Greek word. Mean translated as “Between the rivers” (meso =middle + potamia = river) with the implication meaning “The land between the Tigris Riverand the Euphrates.” The land is part of“Fertile Crescent”, a large semicircular landCurved up from the Mediterranean coast to the Persian Gulf.
Mesopotamia is one of the oldest civilizationsin Mesopotamia, meaning the land betweenthe two rivers is The Tigris and Euphrates rivers (Currently, most of the land of Iraq)between the two rivers is a fertile land suitable for cultivation. Causing various ethnic groupsto make a living and create civilization Including transferring civilization from onegroup to another group Resulting in mixed civilization
Mesopotamia is a land of hot and rainydeserts. The water that is received mainlyfrom the river comes from the melting of snowon the mountains in Armenia. The water willblow away the mud that covers both coasts. Makes the soil fertile, suitable for cultivationThe overflow of water caused by melting snowhas no fixed time limit and sometimes damages the country, the fields, the propertyand the lives of people. Farming that iseffective in this environment requires an efficient irrigation system.
The fertility of the river valley is what attractspeople to make a living in this area. But theheat of the air is a detrimental force of thepeople living, causing them to lackenthusiasm. When there are other invaders,they have to give way to newcomers. Which, after a long period of time, experienced thesame conditions, it must be avoided by others anyway. [Citation needed] Those invadingmost often come from valleys in the northern plateau. And east, most of which are limestonemountains, not as abundant as river basinsAnd there are also those from the deserts ofSyria and Arabia The story of this land is astory about civilization of many groups ofpeople, not a story of civilization that continues for a long time, such as Egyptian civilization.
The first group that created the Mesopotamiancivilization were the Sumers. Who inventedthe alphabet for the first time in the world TheSumer civilization created is an importantfoundation of Mesopotamian civilization,architecture, characters, other fine arts, as well as the attitudes to the life and gods of theSumers. Existed and influenced in the two rivers throughout ancient times.